Within Samothraki’s exceptional landscapes, scientists may find unique opportunities for education and research. Samothraki make an interesting model to study modern and traditional management problems on a small Mediterranean island. One of the most interesting aspects is the diversity of management and conservation issues that exist in close juxtaposition, in such a small place. The island offers spectacular “near-pristine” mountain landscapes with reference spring, stream, and riparian habitats, hosting a large number of endangered and endemic animal and plant species. Rocky beaches and marine habitats include black and white ophiolite and granite boulders, reefs and sandy shores providing ideal habitats for a rich marine flora and fauna. Traditional human land-uses have sculpted cultural landscapes and people still live close to the land and sea. We can only hope that conservation-relevant research can help protect and manage the natural and cultural integrity of the island.